Tecnologie e materiali tessili riciclati

Ecologia e ambiente

ENTeR Project - An example of Circular Economy developed thanks to the ENTeR project. Circular Economy can be created, not only by recovering waste and rethinking it in terms of new (second) raw materials, but also by increasing the average life of products.

The ENTeR – Expert Network on Textile Recycling project aims to strengthen the capacity to manage waste and textile waste. This is also possible by improving the collaboration between research centers / associations and textile companies; favoring the aggregation of individual companies on concrete issues related to waste management; improving the technical exchange of knowledge and expertise on the recovery, reuse and recycling of waste in central European regions.

 

As a significant result, with effects that go well beyond the duration of the project, the partners shared case studies (pilot cases) that will lead to greater awareness on production processes to extend the life time.
In this context, the pilot case of the partner from the Czech Republic, entitled “Reduction of waste generation by extending the useful life of textile products”, focuses on the use of products.

The pilot case aims to compare the lifespan of 100% cotton sheets and tablecloths and mixed fibres (50% cotton / 50% PES) used in the hotel and hospital sectors.

 

For the verification of the pilot case it was necessary to analyze the connection between producers of fabrics for bed linen and tablecloths and end users.

 

Between these two subjects (producers and users) there is a third subject. The industrial laundries that offer the product, through rental, and fulfilling the function of constant supply and in compliance with the uses for which the product is intended.

The wear of the product is related to the use of the asset and maintenance. For this reason, the study also includes a basic introduction on the types of equipment suitable for cleaning, cleaning and sanitizing linen and on the detergency variables (chemical action, mechanical action, effect of temperature and time).

Following this introduction on washing technologies and detergency factors, the pilot case concludes by showing that, with the same types of fabric, different mechanical performances (resistance, abrasion resistivity, lower pill formation) are noted by changing the blends.

Specifically, a 100% cotton fabric ends its life cycle at the hundredth wash while a blended fabric, washed at sixty degrees, manages to maintain constant mechanical performance until the end of the cycle (two hundredth wash).

With the pilot case, the Czech partners have shown that a Circular Economy can be created, not only by recovering waste and rethinking them in terms of new (second) raw materials, but also by increasing the average life of products.

For more information, interested parties can visit the project website (www.interreg-central.eu/enter/) or contact:

Author: Donatella Macchia

R&D Dept.

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